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^atbaro (College ILiotarg
Descendants of Henry Bright, jr., who died at Water-
town, Mass., in 1686, are entitled to hold scholarships in
Harvard College, established in 1880 under the will of
JONATHAN BROWN BRIGHT
of Waltham, Mass., with one half the income of this
Legacy. Such descendants failing, other persons are
eligible to the scholarships. The will requires that
this announcement shall be made in every book added
to the Library under its provisions.
' \r? -v %
War of the Revolution
H. W. BRYANT,
Bookseller and Publisher,
/* f ; r r — ? — ^-~
KB IS 1901
Windham in the Revolution.
Windham is one of those towns that
has a history and the story of the
stubborn resistance the early settlers
made against their Indian enemies and
against the encroachments of England
on their rights and liberties will be of
interest for all time to those who will
succeed them in the town and to the
descendants of the men and women
who made the history.
When the Indian chief Polin was
killed by Stephen Manchester, in 1756,
the settlers had reason to believe that
their troubles were at an end and that
they might return to their lands
and live unmolested. Then the
people looked forward to a pe-
riod of prosperity and happi-
ness, but it was not to be of long
duration. Hardly ten years elapsed
before came grumblings of discontent.
The stamp act was passed and the in-
dignation was felt in the most remote
towns. The leader of the stamp riot
of 1766, at Falmouth Neck, now Port-
land, was said to have been a Wind-
The causes which led up to the Rev-
olutionary war commenced with the
stamp act in 1766. What actuated the
Americans to engage in the war, is well
told in a speech of Hon. Mellen Cham-
berlain of Boston, made in 1891. He
said: "What actuated the men of the
Revolution in the course they took?
Was it actual taxation? No. Not a
penny was. ever paid by them on an
ounce of tea, not a penny was ever
paid for a stamp under the stamp act.
Prom Maine to Georgia, never was a
cent taken out of the pockets of the
colonists by reason of the taxation of
the British government. What was
it, then, against which they took up
arms? It was against the principle
of the right to tax as expressed in the
stamp act and kindred measures. The
marvel of all this matter is that 3,000,-
000 of people should take up arms, not
in consequence of what they suffered,
but in consequence of what they appre-
hended; not because it bore heavily
upon themt but because of the right
There was a principle at stake which
touched their patriotism, and a prin-
ciple which touched their religion; and
for that they went to war, for that they
suffered hardships. Who were they?
They were men of clear intelligence
and right thinking, of determined per-
severance. They had thought the
thing out and they knew what their
rights were. Those were the men to
whom we are so much indebted." The
people of Windham, without hesita-
tion, entered into the rebellion against
the mother country, with a spirit that
is to their honor, and they should
never be forgotten as long as the town
As early as February, 1773, the men
of Windham held a town meeting to
see about answering the letter they
had received from the people of Boston
in relation to the public affairs. Their
answer was in no uncertain words.
One of the resolutions was:
Resolved— That we look upon it
our duty as well as interest, both
for ourselves and posterity, to stand
up in the defence of those privileges
and liberties that our goodly fore-
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
fathers purchased for us at so dear a
rate as the expense of their own
blood, and that we used formerly and
still ought to enjoy.
The resolutions they recorded in the
town books because, as they said,
"that the rising generations may 3ee
what care their forefathers have
taken to defend their liberties
and privileges, that they may take the
like care if they are called to it as we
are." The next year, another letter,
in "bold andenergetic language," was
sent to the Boston committee. What
better record could patriots leave to
Zerubbabel Hunnerwell, Thomas
Trott and Daniel Barker were chosen
to represent Windham in the Cumber-
land county convention of September,
1774, to consider "the present alarming
situation of our public affairs," and
the resolutions that were then passed
have been said to be "probably the
ablest exposition of public affairs, at
that time, now extant." That year
the town elected the following officers
for the militia company and ordered
them to instruct their men in the mili-
Richard Mayberry, Captain.
David Barker, Lieutenant.
Joseph Swettj, Ensign.
Then hardly anyone lived in the
eastern or northern part of the town.
Windham Centre was in the outskirts.
The town meetings were held in the
old Block House, (which had always
been their place of refuge) in the
southern or lower part of the town. In
this old fort they met, March 15, 1775,
and to be prepared for the gathering
cloud of war voted "27 pounds to pur-
chase a town stock of ammunition, as
soon as possible, and that the town
will pay interest to any man who will
let the town have the money to do it."
Then Capt. Caleb Graffam, who had
had experience in the French and In-
dian war, was appointed to fix up the
great gun and swivels, "as soon as pos-
sible." These resolute men had made
up their minds to resist the authority
of Great Britain; and, if need be, they
were to turn the guns of the old fort
on British authority. There was no
hesitancy and the decision seems to
have been unanimous.
Ten days after the battle of Lexing-
ton was fought, a town meeting was
called and one of tke articles of the
warrant was "To see if the town will
agree on any method to provide a
quantity of corn, or other bread kind,
in times of distress by an enemy which
appears to be very soon." The record
of that town meeting was never
copied into the town book, although a
space was reserved for it and it is still
blank paper. Those were times when
men's souls were tried.
Feb. 8, 1775, the following officers
were elected for the town company:
Richard Mayberry, Captain.
David Barker, Lieutenant.
Edward Anderson, Ensign.
When the attempt was to be made to
capture the vessels of Capt. Henry
Mowat, in Portland harbor, in May,
1775, what has since been known as
"Thompson's war," the Windham
company was there, under Capt. May-
berry, and from all we can learn now,
were very active in sacking the Tory
Coulson's house on King street. With
the Gk>rham boys, they made clean
work of it and drank up the New Eng-
land rum which Coulson had put into
his cellar for his own use. This
shocked the Falmouth Neck Tories
then, but it has never troubled their
descendants at Windham.
Capt. Mayberry joined Capt. Samuel
Knight's company in June and served
as lieutenant through that year, as
coast guard on Casco bay. Edward An-
derson was the second lieutenant anl
five other Windham men were in the
company, as follows i Sergt. Moses
HoWi Corp. Thomas Mayberry, Pri-
vates John Anderson, Caleb Young
and Josiah Chute. Then the following
officers were appointed to command
the town company:
William Knight, Captain.
David Barker, Lieutenant.
Richard Dole, Ensign.
The war was now on and this com-
pany was ready for duty at little
warning. They were minute men. A
tradition has always been in our family
that these men were raising the frame
of Jacob Eliott's house when Mowat's
guns were heard, when he was burn-
ing Falmouth, Oct. 18, 1775, and that
they left their work and hurried to
that town to aid the inhabitants in its
defence. That house is now a part of
the present one on the William Goold
farm, near Windham Centre. It was
originally of but one story and stood
on the other side of the driveway,
where the large elm tree stands and
faced the west, with a door in the end
towards the south, that opened into
the kitchen, which had a large fire-
place nearly the width of the room. I
have been told that coming down the
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
road that, when the door was open, it
looked as though you could drive
straight into the fireplace. Around
the kitchen were unpalnted wooden
dressers upon which stood the
polished pewter dishes and the china
used by the family. This was seven-
ty-five years ago. Ebenezer Barton
the Revolutionary soldier, married
Dorothy Eliott and they were buried
on this farm, in the Goold family
yard. Our grandfather, Nathan
Goold bought the farm of the Elliotts
in 1802, and it Is now owned by his
granddaughter, Mrs. Abba G. Wool-
In proof of the above tradition, there
is the original pay roll of Capt.
Knight's company, in the State House
at Boston, for service at Falmouth
Neck, "as guards from 18th October,
1775, to the 23d of same." There were
twenty- three men and three officers.
When the British ship Cerebus en-
tered Portland harbor, on Nov. 1, 1775,
and threatened to burn that part of
the town that had escaped Mowat's
destruction, but thirteen days before,
this Windham company again hurried
to assist in the defence of that town
and another pay roll gives the men
credit for from two to sixteen days'
service in building earthworks thero.
The ship did not carry out the threat,
because of the spirit of the people, but
In May, 1775, several men of the
town enlisted in Col. Edmund Fhin-
ney's regiment and, in July, marched
to Cambridge, Mass., where they
served under Washington during that
year in the siege of Boston. One of
those men was Stephen Manchester,
the slayer of the Indian chief, Polin, in
1756, who served in Capt. John Brack-
en's Co. from May 12, 1775, and per-
haps he was the first man of Windham
to enlist for service in the field. He
. had a long service in other regiments.
In 1775, the town is said to have had:
7 men at Cambridge for 8 months,
4 men "at Falmouth for 8 months,
6 men at Cambridge for 2 months.
The town elected, Jan. 12, 1776, the
following as the Committee of Safety:
That year the town company was the
first in Col. Timothy Pike's 4th Cum-
berland >County Regt. of Militia.
Another Committee of Safety was
elected March 19, 1776, as follows:
The town sent no representative to
the General Court during the Revolu-
tionary war, no doubt on account of
their poverty. The towns paid their
representatives then for their attend-
Their copy of the Declaration of In-
dependence did not get into the hands
of the town clerk for weeks after its
declaration, but Richard Dole, then the
clerk, wishing to shirk no responsibil-
ity, transcribed it on the town book in
a bold hand. The words "A Declara-
tion" and "U. S. of America," he made
every letter a capital to emphasize its
importance. When he wrote the sig-
nature, John Hancock, he outdid Han-
cock himself^ in its boldness. The
penmanship is a credit to the writer
because It was a piece of good work.
This was the last entry in the hand-
writing of Richard Dole during the
war, for he then entered the army as
a private in Col. Marshall's regiment
and sorved three years and must have
seen much hard service. He was a
sterling patriot. Samuel T. Dole 's
It is said that the town had the fol-
lowing in the service in 1776:
13 men in the State's service at Peeks-
kill for 3 months.
9 men in the State's service at Dor-
chester for 4 months.
4 men in the State's service at Rhode
Island for 4 months.
6 men in the State's service for 12
The statement of thirteen men being
at Peekskill, in 1776, we have not heen
able to verify. It is probable that
those men were in the army at Cam-
bridge until August and then marched
to reinforce the army at Lake Cham-
plain. The men went to Peekskill in
1778. There were more than six men
in the one year regiments from Wind-
ham in 1/76 and militia men were sent
in a militia regiment, probably Ool.
Wigglesworth's, to the Northern army
in the fall of that year.
The following is a list of the tax
payers of Windham for the year 1776,
as given for a county tax. Timothy
Pike, David Barker and Ichabod Han-
son were the assessors and Daniel Pet-
tingall the collector.
Tax Payers of 1776.
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Anderson, Edward Allen, Peltiah
Bodge, John Boulton, William
Barker, David Brown, Ezra
Brown, Amos Barton, Ebenezer
Chase, Eleazer Chesley, Joseph
Crague, Hugh Crocket, George
Crocket, Daniel Cook, Daniel
Frost, Widow Joanna Graffam, Enoch
Hutchiicison, Stephen Jr.
Hall, Daniel- ■ Hall, Andrew
Hall, Hateevll Hanson, Elijah
Hanson, Ichaibod Hanson, Samuel
Hanson, Jonathan Hardy, Isaac
Harris, Stephen Hawkes, Ebenezsr
Hawkes, Amos Hawkes, James
Jonson, James Knight, William
Lovett, Jonathan Legro, Joseph
Legro, Elias Little, Paul
Mabery, John Mabery, William
itfabery, William Jr.
Manchester, Stephen Jr.
Mathews, John Martin, Robert
Osgood, Abraham Pettingall, Daniel
Pike, Timothy Pray, James
Proctor, William Purinton, David
Rand, John Robinson, John
Roberts, Joseph Roberts, Jonathan
Rogers, Gershom Sweat, Joseph
Sweat, John Smith, Widow Lucy
Stevens, Chase Stevens, Jonathan
Thurrell, James Trott, Thomas
Webb, Eli Woodman, David
Waite, Benja. Waite, Enoch
The following were taxed for their
ownership in mills in the town:
Margaret Mabery, Richard Mabery,
Samuel Eastys, Stephen Morril,
Benja. Winslow, Jr., William Hall,
Isaac Allen, Jr., Benja. Winslow.
The above tax list gives us the
names of the citizens of Windham in
that interesting year of the war, 1770.
It is of considerable historical value.
Those men serving in thie army were
probably exempted from taxation.
In 1777, the selectmen and committee
fixed the prices of the necessities of
life as follows:
Farming laibor in summer
season, found as usual,
3 shillings, 4 pence per day
Wheat, 4 shillings per bushel
Rye, 5 shillings, 4 pence per bushel
4 shillings, 8 pence per bushel
Toddy, 1 shilling per nr.ig
N. E. Toddy, 9% pence per mug
Farming labor, in winter,
2 shillings, 8 pence per day
Good yard wide cotton or
4 shillings, 8 pence per yard
Butter, 10% pence per pound
Keeping horse or yoke of
oxen, 24 hours, 1 shilling, 6 pence
Potatoes in the fall,
2 Phil lngs per bushel
Men's shoes of Neats*
leather, 8 shillings per pair
Women's shoes, 6 shillings per pair
Turkeys,Fowl and Ducks,
5 pence per pound
Good hay, 60 shillings out of barn,
48 shillings in the field
Milk, 3% pence per quart
House carpenters and
joiners, 4 shillings per day
It will be noticed that toddy was
thought to be a necessity of life then.
The Committee of Safety and In-
spection, in 1777, were:
The town paid the selectmen, Sept.
24, 1777, for "mileage to Picks Kill,
Fish Kill and Cambridge," 46 pounds,
2 shillings. They evidently visited
those places to look out for Windham
soldiers in the service there.
William Elder was the town treasur-
er, 1777-1780, four years. The town
in 1777, had three men in the state ser-
vice at Rutland, Vt., besides those in
the Massachusetts Line, which were
three years men and were the ones
who saw the active service in the
field. Windham had several soldiers
who wintered at Valley Forge, where
their sufferings were beyond descrip-
In Col. Benjamin Tupper's 11th
Mass. Regt. the following soldiers
were returned as in camp:
Capt. Richard Mayberry,
William Mayberry.son of Capt. Rich-
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Richard Mayberry, Jr.,
Stephen Tripp was reported as sick
at Albany, N. Y., at that time.
The following were probably in camp
Job Hall of Ool. Tupper's Regt.
Richard Dole of Col. Marshall's
Edward Webb of Col. Marshall's
Eli Herbert of Col. Brewer's Regt.
Stephen Manchester of Col. Vose's
TSnoch Graffam of Col. Vose's Regt.
George Teshary of Col. Vose's Regt.
Stephen Manchester, Jr., of Col.
Vose's Regt., died at Reading, Penn..
Jan. 5, 1778, aged 26 years.
The destitution of these soldiers at
Valley Forge beggers any words of
mine. It is said that, at one time,
there were but two pairs of shoes in
Oapt. Mayberry's company and those
belonged to Josiah Chute. It was
with much satisfaction that, on a
beautiful day in September, 1899, 1
viewed their campground at Valley
Forge. Now it is cultivated fields
and one cannot realize now the true
history of that land. The earthworks
on the hill, overlooking the camp, are
in a good state of preservation and
that land has been purchased by the
state of Pennsylvania for a reserva-
tion. An effort is being made by the
descendants of the Revolutionary s< 1-
diers to secure the whole campground
as a state park for public use as a
memorial to the brave men who illus-
trated that winter the fortitude of the
American soldier. The people of
Windham heard of their sons' suffering
at Valley Forge, for April 14, 1778,
$150.00 was voted "to defray the charge
of providing shirts, stockings and
shoes for the soldiers in the Continen-
tal army," and 20 pounds was voted
for the soldiers' families.
March 17, 1778, the town voted, "To
allow James Hawkes for six dollars of
counterfeit money that was returned
from the Treasurer's office, and Daniel
Pettingall was allowed four dollars.
This was probably some of the British
counterfeit money that they flooded
the country with. In New York they
advertised that if anyone going into
the American lines would call at a
certain place they could have all the
Continental currency the.y wanted.
May 15, 1778, $6fo0.00 was voted "for
those three men that is drafted to Fish
Kill," and "that amount be assessed
immediately." Twelve days later, it
was "voted 44 pounds for each of these
three militia men that is drafted, to be
given them as a bounty." They were
probably Thomas Chute, Benjamin
Trott and Daniel P. Mayberry, nine
months' men. The Committee of
Safety and Inspection for 1778 were:
The winter of 1777-8 was a blue one
in Windham. They knew too well the
sufferings at Valley Forge and what
then seemed the hopeless prospect for
their independence. They heard of the
discontent in the army and of the at-
tempts to supersede Washington in
command, with not one ray of hope for
the success of the war. They were
suffering poverty itself and the situa-
tion seemed almost unbearable. At
Valley Forge, Capt. Richard Mayberry
signed the oath of allegiance and the
Windham men took the oath, that the
United "States was then their mly
country, every one; an example of
constancy to the people of the town
for all time. Lossing says of Valley
Forge: "If there is a spot on the face
of this broad land whereon Patriotism
should delight to pile its highest and
most venerated monument.it should be
in the bosom of that little vale on the
bank of the Schuylkill." When
spring came, the resources of means
and men of the town seemed exhaust-
ed, and, in June, the people met in
solemn town meeting and voted to pe-
tition the General Court to be excused
from the draft and from any future
drafts. They felt as though they had
gone as for as they could. If the pe-
tition was ever presented it was not
granted. Most of the towns were in
about the same condition and granting
such requests would have been the sur-
render of all the past efforts of the col-
ony. They kept on.
At the request of the General Court
of Massachusetts, Capt. Thomas
Trott, of the town company, sent the
following statement of the soldiers in
the Continental army on Nov. 24, 1778,
Col. Benjamin Tupper's llth.Mass.
Capt. Richard Mayberry's Co.
Capt. Richard Mayberry.
Josiah Chute, John Swett
William MaytKjrry, Robert Millions
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Stephen Tripp Joseph Thompson
Ebenezer Barton James Rines
All three years men.
David Mayberry Thomas Chute
Nine months' men.
Capt. Samuel Thomes' Co.
Lonon Rhode (had died Dec. 9, 1777.)
Amos Brown (killed at Hubbard ton.)
Col. Joseph Vose's 1st Mass. Regt.
Capt. George Smith's Co.
Enoch Graffam, Stephen Manchester,
Col. Edward Wigglesworth's 13 th
Capt. Nicholas Blai3dell's Co.
Joseph Legrow, Elias Legrow.
Col. Samuel Brewer's 12th Mass. Regt.
Capt. Silas Burbank's Co.
Col. Thomas Marshall's 10th Mass. Regt.
Capt. Benjamin Walcott's Co.
Richard Dole, Edward Webb.
These all three years' men.
Total, 20 3 years* men.
2 9 months* men.
Capt. Thomas Trott was commis-
sioned in the Windham company in
September, 1777, and it was still the
First Company of the 4th Regt. of
Cumberland County Militia. Timothy
Pike, the colonel of this regiment, was
a resident of Windham the first four
years of the war. The major was Wil-
liam Knight of Windham.
January 12, 1779, the people "voted 80
pounds for the support of the women
whose husbands are in the army."
In March town meeting the following
were elected for the Committee of
Safety and Inspection for the year:
The prices of labor on the roads were
Men, 30 shillings, oxen the same and
18 shillings for a plow, all per day.
The year 1779 was a dismal one for
the struggling colonists, currency de-
moralized and prospects poor, but the
town's people kept on with undaunted
courage. May 24 the town "voted 300
pounds for the support of the women
whose husbands are in the Continental
service," and June 21, 13 shirts, 13 pairs
shoes and 13 pairs of stockings for the
army. Thirteen men were in
the Continental army from Windham,
at that time and probably more.
In June came the Bagaduce Expedi-
tion and July 9, 16 men were drafted
for that expedition and 960 pounds
were voted for the same. The town
records say, it was voted "to raise
money enough to make up
every man's wages that is detached
and goes to Penobscot, or sends a man
in his stead, thirty pounds per month
for two months or in proportion if dis-
charged sooner," also "voted that the
town raise money and give Lieut. Ed-
ward Anderson the same sum that the
town is to give one of the soldiers for
to go in the expedition to Penobscot."
This expedition to what is now Cas-
tine, Me., was, as is well known, a dis-
mal disaster and many soldiers per-
ished from the effects of the exposure
in the woods. Our histories generally
give the impression that men tumbled
over each other to enlist in that army,
but there is little evidence of any such
After our forces were defeated at
Bagaduce, Falmouth Neck was threat-
ened. Sept 1§ ten men were drafted +o
guard, what is now Portland, against
any attack from the victorious British.
The British never came and the town
"voted to make up thirty pounds per
month for ten that is to be stationed
at Falmouth with what the state
gives." Sept. 23, it was voted "to raise
money enough to make each of those
men that went on the expedition to
Penobscot, one hundred dollars per
month during the expedition with what
the state is to give them." The reason
such large sums were paid was be-
cause, at that time, the currency was
very badly depreciated and of little
In September, 1779, the town supplied
clothing for the soldiers, through Tim-
othy Pike, as follows:
5 shirts, 60 shillings, 15 pounds
13 pairs shoes, 60 shillings, 39 pounds
5 pairs stockings, 36 shillings, 9 pounds
Total, 63 pounds
Col. Pike removed this year to Sac-
carappa. He had been a most useful
citizen and was a loss to the little
The Committee of Safety and In-
spection, in 1780, were:
The price per day for town work, for
1780, was, for a man or a yoke of oxen,
$30.00. Daniel Brown was allowed 16
pounds for services attending the
April 16, the town "voted $200.00 for
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
each man that will go to the east-
ward." This was for the eleven men
who went in Capt. Isaac Parsons' Co.,
in Lieut. Col. Joseph Prime's Regt.,
that served on the Maine coast that
year. They served from about May
4 until Deo. 6, and this company,
probably, at Camden. These men
from Windham were, Sergt. Benjamin
Trott; drummer, Peter Smith; pri-
vates, James Chute, Nathaniel Chase,
Jacob Eliott, George Knight, Samuel
Lord, Thomas Mayberry, John May-
berry, Samuel Toben and John Win-
ship, besides Lieut. Ichabod Hanson.
April 24, it was "voted Lieut. Hanson
$200.00 per month during the time that
he is in the service in .the expedition
to the eastward.'*
June 14, 1780, the town supplied sol-
diers with clothing, through Caleb
Graffam, a selectman, as by the follow-
9 shirts, 10 sh., 10 d. 94 pounds, 10 sh.
14 pairs shoes, 144 sh. 100 pounds, 16 sh.
7 pair stockings,80 sh. 28 pounds
Transportation, 75 pounds
Total, 298 pounds, 6 sh.
Sept. 25, 2760 pounds of beef was
furnished for the army and Oct. 25,
the town appropriated $13,050.00 to pur-
chase beef for the army as per state
requisition. Dec. 4, 5011 pounds more
of beef was furnished. Still the war
went on, now over five years and a
half. In November, Windham sent
six more men into the Continental
army for three years. The town's
people must have felt that they were
doing God's work for their posterity,
or they could not have kept on with
Jan. 16, 1781, William Knight, Thom-
as Trott and Edward Anderson were
appointed a committee to agree with
the men who will go into the army for
three years as soldiers, about bounty
and wages, and the town "voted $2,-
280 dollars, silver money, for the sol-
diers that is to go into the army for
three years," also that, "the soldiers
shall be paid ten dollars, in silver
money, by the town per month and
twenty dollars, in silver money, as a
bounty," and "to pay them once in
three months." The paper money had
become so worthless they were obliged
to return to silver values to obtain
Feb. 8, the town voted $20,044.00, pa-
per money, towards the quota of beef
affixed to the town by the resolve of
the General Court.
In March, clothing was sent to the
soldiers in the army as per the follow-
ing statement of Jonathan Lovett,
9 shirts, 40 pounds 360 pounds
9 pairs shoes, 40 pounds 360 pounds
9 pairs stockings,24 pounds 216 pounds
12 miles travel, 36 pounds
3 days time, 63 pounds
of Safety for 1781,
The price of labor was fixed at $50.00
per day and oxen the same. For the
use of a plow $25.00 per day.
July 14, 1781, it was voted that the
town will abide by the agreement the
committee shall make for 3 men to go
into the Continental army, and 60
pounds was appropriated for beef and
Paul Little, Ezra Brown and Richard
Mayberry were appointed to purchase
it "as cheap as possible." The state
tax for 1781 was 949 pounds, 6 shillings,
and Abraham Osgood was the town
treasurer. Aug. 27, 1781, 20 pounds was
voted to provide clothing for the sol-
diers; 4 shillings 8 pence was to be the
price per yard for all wool cloth, after
it was fulled for blanketing and made
into blankets, 12 shillings f >r a cotton
or linen shirt containing 3 ] ,& yards, 12
shillings for a pair of shoes made well,
of good leather, and 6 shillings for a
pair of good stockings. At least four
blankets were sent to the army this
With all these troubles on hand they
appointed Capt. Richard Mayberry
agent to meet the agents of the neigh-
boring towns about flshways in the
Presumpscot river dams.
Jan. 28, 1782, William Elder was ap-
pointed the agent of the town to pro-
cure one Continental soldier to fill
their quota. March 1, three soldiers
were sent into the Continental army
for three years and May 31, 173 pounds
was voted to pay the soldiers.
At the March town meeting the
prices for work on highways was re-
duced to hard money and 4 shillings
was set for a day's work for men or
oxen, 2 shillings for a plow. At this
meeting 40 shillings was offered for
wolves' heads. They also voted to
sell the old fort at public vendue; the
old block house where they had gath-
ered together in alarms and had lived
many a year; their place of refuge and
strength in times of trouble. They ■
probably thought the town had out-
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
grown its protection. At the same
meeting more money was appropriated
for the soldiers. Paul Little was the
town treasurer for the year 1782 and
The old fort was located nearly in
the centre of the ten acre lots, on No.
34, it being the highest elevation and is
Anderson land now. The building was
50 feet square, two stories high, with
walls one foot thick, built of hewn
hemlock timber with a tier of port
holes. The upper story projected over
the lower about a foot. It had a
flattish roof and there were two flank-
ers or watch boxes at diagonal cor-
ners, twelve feet square, the same
height as the main building and in
each was mounted a swivel gun. About
thirty feet from the fort was a stock-
ade, made of twelve inch logs, sixteen
feet long, set in the ground and bound
together at the middle and top with
oak timbers. Througn this there was
one gate or door and here stood a nine
pound gun to defend the only entrance.
The fort was built in 1744 with the one
hundred pounds appropriated by the
General Court for the defence of the
frontier towns when the war was de-
clared between France and England.
Then a French war meant also an In-
How soldiers were raised in the
towns for the Continental army, in
1782, is of considerable interest in the
history of the war. The modus oper-
andi was for the government of the
Commonwealth to assign each town
their quota, under a call for troops,
and the Treasurer General would send
that demand to the selectman and
with it the following order:
"Commonwealth of Massachusetts:
The Honorable Henry Gardner, Esq.:
Treasurer and Receiver General of
To the Selectmen or Assessors of the
Town of Windham, Greeting, &c:
In obedience to a Resolution of
the Commonwealth aforesaid, of the
Eighth of March, 1782, these are in
the Name of said Commonwealth to
will and require you forthwith to
assess the Sum of One Hundred and
Forty Bight Pounds, 3 shillings, 4
pence on the deficient Class or Classes
in your Town or Plantations, being
the average Price of the Cost of rais-
ing the Men to supply the Deficiency
of the Massachusetts Line of the Ar-
my, agreeable to a Notification of his
Excellency the Governor and Council
of said Commonwealth, transmitted to
the Treasurer of said Commonwealth,
bearing date of March, 1782, in Pur-
suance of the Resolve aforesaid, to-
gether with twenty per cent added
thereto; You are likewise required to
levy on each Class deficient as afore-
said, Two per Cent on said Line, as a
Fee for the Constable or Collector to
defrey the Expense of collecting: the
same; which List or Lists, when com-
pleted according to Law, you are to de-
liver to the Collector or Collectors,
Constable or Constables of your Town
or Plantation; and make Return to me
of the Name or Names of the said Con-
stable or Constables, Collector or Col-
lectors, together with the Sum or Sums
to them respectively committed to col-
lect, within Five Days from the Date
Hereof you are not to fail, as you
will answer your Negrlect at the Peril
of the Law.
Given under my Hand and Seal at
Boston, the Day of March,
in the Year of our Lord One Thousand
Seven Hundred and Eighty two, in the
Seventh Year of American Inde-
On receipt of the arbove, the assess-
ors divided the tax payers into the
same number of classes as the number
of soldiers were called for that had
not been furnished and made up a
tax list for the amount necessary for
one soldier, then appointed a head for
the class to whom the tax list was
committed for collection. One of
those lists came into my possession
some years since of which the follow-
ing is a copy:
To Josiah Chute of
Windham in said County, you are
hereby appointed head of a class in
said Windham aforesaid for procur-
ing Soldiers for the Continental army
for three years or during the war of
which the Following is A copy and
you are required forthwith to notify
the Persons nam'd in your Class who
are residents in said Windham to as-
semble for Hireing A man which if
you Neglect four days after Receiving
this you will be subject io all the ^ost
& Charge that may fall on said class
in consequence of their not procuring
a man as aforesaid in case your class
after being duly notified by you shall
refuse or neglect to hire a man as
afors'd & driver him to the muster
master until the Tenth day of April
Instant they will be subject to a fine
eaqual to the avridge price that the
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Man Cost with Twenty P Cet. added
theirto you all so to make return to us
of the names of the persons in Class
who shall be deficient in paying his
proportion for Hiring & Mustering sd
man agreeable to the rule herewith
given you in order that he may be as-
ses' d for said deficiency with Ten
P Cet added thereto given under our
hands at Windham this 5 Day April
Abram Osgood, David Barker,
Assessors of Windham."
Each Man's proportion 155—5—2
according to the late Tax Bill.
Chute, Josiah 1 15 3
Anderson, John 1 3 3 4
Barker, David 2 5 4 10
Bodge, John 1 3 6
Bodge, Benjamin 1 3 3 3
Bolton, William 3 10 17 9
Graffam, Caleb 1 7 13 10
Graffam, Caleb Jr. 1-1 17 10
Graffam, Enoch 1 1 12 10
Hall Estate, 5 12 7
Hunnewell, Rich'd 1 2 11 1
Hutchinson, Sam'l 1 1 18 1
Hawks, Bbenezer 1 4 13 6
Hawks, Amos 2 6 7
Jones, Elamual 1 1 18 9
Kennard, Elijah 1 2 10 1
Legro, Ellias 1 2 14 3
Lowell, Joshua 2 3 5 11
Knights, Will'm 3 10 12 7
Lord, Charles 1 2 17 10
Muckford, Robt. Jr. 1 1 11 8
Meabary, John 2 6 17 7
Meaberry, Will'm 2 5 18 2
Manchester, Stephn 1 2 3 5
Winship, Gersham 1 2 15 4
Mitchell, Robert 1 1 17
Robinson, John 1 9 1 10
Stephens, Jonathan 2 7 13 7
Blaney, Joseph Esqr. 2 13 5 8
Hunawell, Zerubable 1 9 16 11
Hanson, Jonathan 1 7 14 9
Elder, Will'm Jr. 1 3 10
Young, John 1 2 8 1
Polls. 43 155 5 2
"Each Man's proportion of what the
Soldier Cost Proportioned same man-
The Committee of Correspondence
and Safety for 1783 were:
Thomas Barker was elected to the
General Court and he promised to ask
no wages of the town except what they
would be pleased to give him.
The war was now over. Cornwallis
had surrendered at Yorktown, Oct.
19, 1781, which ended hostilities. The
preliminary treaty of peace was pro-
claimed April 19, 1783, and the treaty
was signed the next September. The
news that must have given the grsit-
est satisfaction was that Great Brit-
ain had acknowledged our inde-
pendence, Nov. 30, 1782. Then there
were happy days in Windham; the re-
turn of the soldiers and their own un-
disturbed days to develope their farms.
Then they had the satisfaction of feel-
ing that the town had done its full
duty, through those long eight years of
anxiety, although it had come out with
an empty treasury and had many
outstanding obligations to be met.
Windham had no men at Lexington,
Concord or Bunker Hill, but her sons
served at Falmouth Neck and through
the Seige of Boston under Gen. Wash-
ington. They marched to reinforce the
Northern army in 1776 and garrisoned
Dorchester Heights that year. They
were in the retreat from Fort Ticon-
deroga in 1777 and fought in the battles
of Hubbardton, Stillwater and Sarato-
ga and witnessed the surrender of Gen.
Burgoyne's army. They guarded the
Burgoyne prisoners at Cambridge in
1778, marched to Rhode Island in the
alarms, were at Quaker Hill and rein-
forced the army on the Hudson river
at Peekskill. They spent the winter of
1777—8 at Valley Forge where there
were no greater heroes than they, and
fought in the desperate battle of Mon-
mouth on that terrible hot day of June
28, 1778. They were in the Bagaduce ex-
pedition, in 1779, and the next year,
served, under Gen. Peleg Wadsworth,
guarding the Maine coast. Some sons
of the town may have served in
the south during the last of
the war and been at Yorktown at
the end, but no name has yet
come under my notice. The town had
soldiers in the service when the army
was disbanded in 1783. There is much
that has not been told but enough is
known to show that Windham has an
enviable record in the Revolutionary
The following is a list of soldiers,
during the war, who called Windham
their home. The time of service is
that that has been found on the pay
rolls to their credit. There may be
more and no doubt is more service due
them, in many cases. We do not con-
sider this list complete as we think
that there may be others who were
proud to sign the rolls as of the town.
Nearly all are Windham names of that
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Lieut. Edward Anderson, 12 mos., 17
John Anderson, 11 mos., 6 days service.
Lieut. David Barker, 17 days service.
Ebenezer Barton, 42 mos. service.
Benjamin Bodge, 6 days service.
Thomas Bodge, 3 mos., 17 days service.
Thomas Bolton, '2 mos., 10 days service.
William Bolton, 6 days service.
Amos Brown, 3 years man, killed at
Amos Brown, Jr., 24 mos. service.
William Campbell, 26 days service, r
Eleazer Chase, 36 mos. service.
Nathaniel Chase, 9 mos., 10 days ser-
Joseph Chesley, 5 days service.
James Chute, 7 mos., 22 days service.
Josiah Chute, 46 mos., 5 days service.
Thomas Chute, 11 mos., 17 days ser-
Thomas Crague, 13 days service.
Daniel Crockett, about 8 mos. service.
George Crockett, 11 days service.
Philip Davis, three years man.
Ensign Richard Dole, 3 years service
as private and corporal.
Isaac Elder, 2 mos., 15 days service.
John Elder, 4 mos., 24 days service.
Joseph Elder, 11 mos. service.
William Elder, 4 mos., 10 days service.
Chase Elkins, 4 mos. service.
William Elkins, 5 days service
Jacob Eliott, 7 mos., 29 days service.
Jedidiah Eliott was a pensioner.
Nathan Gamman, 2 mos. service.
Caleb Graffam,Jr., 8 mos., 2 days ser-
Enoch Graff am, 50 mos., 13 days ser-
Enoch Hall, 3 years man.
Job Hall, 4 years, 7% mos. service.
Lieut. Ichabod Hanson, 7 mos., 24 days
Isaac Hardy, 5 days service.
Stephen Harris, 3 mos., 11 days service.
Eli Herbert, 3 years man.
Moses How, 4 mos., 24 days service.
Elijah Hunnerwell, 11 days service.
Richard Hunnerwell, 2 mos., 10 days
Richard Hutchinson, 5 days service.
Samuel Hutchinson, 4 mos., 4 days ser-
Nicholas Hughes, 3 years man.
James Jordan, 3 years man.
George Knight, 9 mos., 17 days service.
Samuel Knight, 24 mos., 14 days ser-
Capt. William Knight, 16 days service.
He was also a major of militia.
Charles Legro, 5 days service.
Elias Legro, 3 years man.
Joseph Legro, 3 years man.
Charles Lord, about 5% mos. service.
Samuel Lord, 15 mos., 16 days service.
John Loring, 8 mos. service.
Stephen Lowell, 10 mos. service.
Gershon Manchester, 26 days service.
Stephen Manchester, 49 mos. service.
Stephen Manchester, Jr., sent from
Valley Forge to the hospital at Read-
ing where he died Jan. 5, 1778.
David P. Mayberry, 16 mos., 5 days
James Mayberry, 2 mos., 17 days ser-
John Mayberry, 7 mos. service.
Capt. Richard Mayberry, 39 mos., 12
Richard Mayberry, Jr., 39 mos. <**rvice.
Richard Mayberry, 2d., 5 days service.
Thomas Mayberry, about 20 mos. ser-
William Mayberry, son of Capt. Rich-
ard, 3 years man.
William Mayberry, son of John, 26 days
. service. .
Robert Martin, a pensioner.
John Mathews, 4 days service.
Robert Millions, 3 years man.
John Mugford, 2 mos., 17 days service.
James Pray, 5 days service.
Richard Preston, 20 mos. service.
Joseph Roberts, 19 mos., 17 days service.
James Rines, 3 years man. Taken
prisoner at Hubbardton July 7, 1777.
Lonon Rhode, " a free negro," 3 years
. man, and died in the army Dec. 9,
Joseph Swett, 5 days service.
John Swett, about 3% years service.
Peter Smith, (a negro) 43 mos.
George Teshary, served, probably, 43
mos., 7 days.
Joseph Thompson, 3 years man.
Samuel Toben, 9 mos., 17 days service.
Mathew Toben, 7 mos. service.
Stephen Tripp, about 41 mos. service.
Benjamin Trott, 9 mos., 17 days ser-
Capt. Thomas Trott of the town com-
Edward Webb, 3 years man.
Eli Webb, 5 days service.
John Winship, 7 mos., 26 days service.
Caleb Young, 4 mos., 12 days service.
A total of 91 soldiers.
In addition to the above were the
John Knight "of Windham" enlisted
It is not known who he was.
Smith says that the colored men,
Flanders and Romeo served three
years in the army but we cannot veri-
fy the statement. He also gives the
names of Richard Thurrell, Hezekiah
Hall, William Cammett, Jeremiah
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Small, Samuel Chandler, Stephen
Hutchinson and William Hardy as
three years' men.whom we cannot now
say were Windham men. He also
gives Joseph Hutchinson, John Youngr,
and Abraham Anderson as serving less
than three years, which should be ver-
ified. In Capt. Wentworth Stuart's
Co., in Col. Edmund Phinney's Regt.
of 1775, appears the name of John
Young of Pearsontown, now Standish,
which is doubtless the above. He was
in the 18th Continental Regt. the next
There were three Quaker soldiers
who came to Windham, after the war,
as follows: Noah Reed came from
Attleboro, Mass. He served in five dif-
ferent companies 10 mos., 7 days.
Lemuel Horton came from Milton,
Mass., to Portland and then to Wind-
ham. He served in nine different
companies 23 mos., 20 days. Rufus
Horton, his brother, served 24 mos., 10
days, in ten different companies, com-
mencing when he was but sixteen.
He was wounded in the wrist and re-
tired from the service with the rank of
Other Revolutionary soldiers who
went to Windham after the war were:
Jonah Austin enlisted at Falmouth
and served 3 1-2 years in the army.
He lived near the Ireland school dis-
Jonathan Knight enlisted at Fal-
mouth and was a 3 years' man. He
moved to the town of Otisfield.
John Farrow, Jr., moved away from
Windham sometime before the be-
ginning of the war to the town of
Bristol, Me., where his four boys,
Windham born and raised, went Into
Peter GrafTam, another Windham
boy, went into the army from New
Gloucester, because he was then living
Josiah Starling, born in Windham,
went into the army from Bristol,
Maine. Thomas Manchester, the first
child born in the township, moved in-
to New Hampshire and joined a regi-
ment there. John Manchester, a half
brother of Stephen, moved from Wind-
ham about 1762, was In the capture uf
the Margaretta at Machias, in 1775,
and he afterwards served in the army.
There are, no doubt, other sons of
Windham who did gallant service in
the war, but we do not claim them as
the town's soldiers, only those who are
known as residents then. It Is not
The above list of Revolutionary sol-
diers, who went from Windham, is re-
markable from the fact that It num-
bers about the same as the males of
the town who were liable for a poll
tax. Not' 'the number of enlistments,
but the number of different soldiera.
These men all claimed Windham for
their home. Many men were but boys
then. Here is a sample. An enlist-
ment roll says "Thomas Chute, age, 16
years, statue, 6 feet 4 ins., dark com-
plexion." Few towns can furnish a
better record than this in the people's
struggle for their Independence.
Smith says: "The number enrolled at
any one time in the town's company
did not amount to fifty-five, of whom
more than thirty were known to be
out In the Continental service and the
service of the state, at one time, and
during the war seventy-one er-
formed service in the Continental army
and drafted militia, being sixteen more
than the number enrolled at any
time, forty of whom served three
years in the army." This is additional
to those who served In the militia in
answering alarms, not drafted.
In the possession of the Maine His-
torical society are two original pay
rolls of Capt. Richard Mayberry's
company for December, 1778. This
was the next winter after that spent
at Valley Forge. The pay of the men
was as follows:
Captain, 12 pounds per month.
Lieutenant, 8 pounds per month.
Ensign, 6 pounds per month.
Sergeants, 3 pounds per month.
Corporals, 2 pounds, 4 sh. per month.
Drum and Fife, 2 pounds, 4 sh. per
Privates, 2 pounds per month.
Opposite Capt. Mayberry's name is
written, "On furlough, Sept. 11th, by
his Excellency Genl. Washington
without limit." Washington evidently
had much confidence in the Windham
captain. The regiment was then at
West Point. Nicholas Hughes is re-
ported sick at Valley Forge.
James Jordan, it says, is "on com-
mand at the Lines."
Robert Millions was "on furlough by
Gen. Patterson, Nov. 19th, for 90 days."
John Swett was" on command at the
Peter Smith was "sick in ye Hospit-
al at Hartford."
Corp. Ebenezer Barton was "on fur-
lough for 90 days by Gen. Patterson."
He and Millions probably came home
to Windham and, no doubt, walked
nearly all the way.
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
Joseph Thompson is reported 'On
Thomas Chute was there all right,
a nine months' man. Other men of
Windham, for the same time, were
David Mayberry and Benjamin Trott.
These nine months' men went into the
service in June 1778.
Josiah Chute was a sergeant and
had enlisted in the 11th Mass. Reg-'t.
Jan. 1, 1777, for 3 years. He was struck
in the shoulder by a musket ball, in
the battle of Hubbardton, July 7, 1777,
and was taken prisoner by the British,
from whom he escaped, and after wan-
dering two weeks in the woods got
into our lines. He was in command uf
the company, when the rolls were
made, and brought them home with
him. His discharge from the army is
written on back of one, which is as
"Head Qurs. Robinson House,
Pick*kil!s Dec 12th 1779.
Serjant Josiah Chute of the Ele/-
enth Massachusetts Regt. having 3en
Represented as a faithful Soldier ^ho
has Ben wounded in Battle and by ren-
dered unfit for Duty has Leave of ab-
sence from Camp until the first Djy
of January next in the year 1780 a3
Majr Knap has reported that the Time
for which said Chute Engaged to Serve
in the Army will Expire on the 1st of
January next. He is not required
again to Join his Regiment but to re-
ceive this as a discharge from the
army of the United States of America
as fully as if it was given After Ms
Time of service had Expired.
By Command of Majr Genl Heath
Ade De Camp."
When Governor John A. Andrew,
the town's most famous son,
visited Windham in 1862, he re-
ferred to three of the Revo-
lutionary soldiers, in his speech, there.
He said — "Noah Reed whose heart and
hat were big enough to cover the whole
town," and then "But I must mention
two more men, who should never be
omitted — these two old soldiers of the
Revolution, Josiah Chute and John
Swett, venerable when first I knew them
yet intelligent and active. How many
more were here, I cannot now r col-
lect. Many times and oft, on a pleas-
ant morning like this, have I rode with
my mother and listened to the stories*
of events in which they took a part."
How much they influenced that boy,
in his own patriotism, will never be
Capt. Mayberry and Corporal Ebe-
nezer Barton, of his company, both
went through the battles and exposure
of army life and returned to their
homes at Windham and both were
killed, afterwards, by falling trees.
Capt. Mayberry's grave is on Leach
Hill, Casco, and his son William's is
on Mayberry Hill in the same town,
both of which were visited by me sev-
eral years since.
Barton's two great grandsons, Ste-
pren T., and Frank C. Morton, both
killed in battle and both giving their
lives for the same old flag, to restore
the same Union their ancestor had
helped to establish, is a lesson in Wind-
ham patriotism. Their bodies were
brought back to the old town and ten-
derly laid near their Revolutionary an-
cestor's grave, where they will prob-
ably never be forgotten. Scripture says:
"Greater love hath no man than this,
that a man lay down his life for hi»
Jonah Austin was buried on his farm,
but which of the little cluster ot
graves was his, is uncertain. John
Swetir and Josiah Chute lie near each
other In the Chute grave yard, their
graves being well marked. Chute has a
handsome marble monument. Lieut.
Edward Anderson was burled at Wind-
ham Hill and has a durable slate stone
at his grave. Lieut. Ichabod Hanson's
grave is in the Hanson yard and has
a suitable stone. Stephen Manchester
was buried in the Knight grave yard,
near Dutton Hill, and although he ltd
a great service for the settlers, his
grave has no stone to tell its occupant.
It shpuld not be so. In the Smith
Grave Yard, at South Windham, were
buried John Elder, James Mayberry
John Mayberry and Capt. Thomas
Trott. In this enclosure is also the
grave of Capt. Caleb GrafCam one
of the heroic men of Windham, both in
the Indian wars and the Revolution.
He died in 1784, aged 73 years. His
epitaph is "Depart dear friends, dry
up your tears, my dust lies here till
Christ appears." There were many
others of our Revolutionary sires bur-
ied in the town, some of their graves
known but many forgotten. These
notes may rot be of particular interest
to every one, but each soldier's record
is dear to those who are now their pos-
terity. Time ripens such facts. It has
been written — "He that is not proud
of his ancestors, either has no ances-
tors to be proud of, or else he's a de-
The Quakers were a considerable
element in Windham during the war
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION,
of the Revolution. They believed in
peace and would not bear arms, but
they, no doubt, aided In relieving the
sufferings of the soldiers and their
families, and, in the bottom of their
hearts,hoped for the success of their own
people's cause. My great grandfather,
Benjamin Goold, may serve as an ex-
ample, because I know the facts in his
case. He joined the society long be-
fore the war, when he lived in Eliot,
Me. His brothers, Daniel and Alexan-
der were brave soldiers of the Revolu-
tion and his wife,Phebe Noble.had two
brothers, Reuben and Nathan Jr., in
the army from Gray. Her father, Na-
than Noble, was a veteran of three
wars and was killed during the battle
of Saratoga, in the 11th Mass. Regt,
in his flfty-flf th year. My grandfather
was born the next spring after his
death and his mother named him for
his grandfather. When he grew up
he was a soldier and commanded the
Windham company through the 1812
war. He had a grandson in the Rebel-
lion and a great grandson in the late
Spanish war. It needs no words of mine
to tell where Benjamin Goold's heart
was during the Revolutionary war,
Quaker or no Quaker.
Those townsmen who served as se-
lectmen during the war deserve our
warmest praise. They were the bus-
iness men of the town and managed Mie
affairs as only patriots can. Any ais-
tory of Windham during the war
would be incomplete witho- t their
names. They were as follows:
Edward Anderson, 1781.
David Barker, 1775, 1776.
Ezra Brown, 1783.
Caleb GrafTam, 1779, 1780.
Ichabod Hanson, 1775, 1776.
William Knight, 1777, 1782.
Paul Little, 1779, 1781.
Jonathan Loveitt, 1780, 1781.
Abraham Osgood, 1777, 1778, 1782.
Daniel Pettingall, 1777, 1782. 1783.
Timothy Pike, 1778, 1779.
Gershom Rogers, 1783.
Thomas Trott, 1775, 1776, 1778, 1780.
The town clerks were:
Richard Dole, 1775, 1776 and 1783.
Edward Anderson, 1777, 1782.
The women of the town, during the
war, we must not pass by, for they had
stout hearts and were constant allies
in the struggle for their country's lib-
erty. They, in the darkest hours, ut-
tered words of encouragement,
furnished examples of devotion and
spun, wove and sewed for the comfort
of the soldiers, as only those can whose
hearts are in their work. They sent
their husbands and sons into the army
would have been difficult had It been
otherwise. There was no division of
interest with the sons of the town and
there is none in the glory of their
Windham emerged from the long ex-
hausting war of the Revolution impov-
erished beyond what can now be re-
alized. They had built the foundation
for our success and the liberty we en-
joy and were themselves satisfied with
the work. They were heavily in debt,
but although, at first, they were some-
what uneasy as to the prospects of
ever paying the cost, they met their
responsibilities like men. After the war
the town grew and the settlement of
the whole township was consumated,
as far as is seen now.
When the war of 1812, came on, the
sons of the Revolutionary patriots of
Windham shirked no responsibility,
although it was not a war of their
choosing. In 1814, when the militia was
called out for the defense of Portland,
Capt. Nathan Goold's company re-
ceived their orders at nine o'clock at
night and the next morning, at nine,
they were on Munjoy Hill, in Portland,
armed and equipped ready for any
service they might be called upon to
perform. In the Rebellion, the grand-
sons and great grandsons felt the blood
of their fathers quicken in their veins
and the town met the demands upon it
with spirit, to battle for the same old
flag. A glance over the rolls show that
the men had inherited the patriotism of
their ancestors, for we And among the
Windham men the names. — Mavberry,
Manchester. Swett. Graffam, Knight,
Anderson, Dole, Tripp, Legrow, Elliott.
Elder, Bodge, Jordan, Little, Hall,
Austin, Hanson, Pettingill, Lowell,
and Brown. The Mayberrys, Man-
chester, Littles, Lowells, Bodges,
Knights and Legrows have their rep-
resentatives among the honored dead
from Windham in that Civil war.
This is a grrand record for this,
then border town of Windham, whose
people had not themselves felt
the effects of any of the British
oppression. They were small in
numbers and poor In this world's
goods but they showed themselves
people of principle, patriots in example
and they illuminated their town's his-
tory as long as the country shall exist.
A lesson of the Revolution is the so-
licitude of our brave ancestors for the
approval of their posterity in the work
they were then undertaking. They
were setting the succeeding genera-
tions an example which they wished
WINDHAM IN THE REVOLUTION.
them to follow, if they wefe called upon
and supported their families staking
everything on the result. The end
to do so. It seems rather pitiful, to
us now, to think of the interest those
homespun men took in the generations,
then unborn, that they might have
more opportunities than they them-
selves had ever enjoyed. Those patriots
builded better than they knew and
their memories deserve well of us who
are reaping the benefit of the results
of their lives. This calls to our minds
the cost of this government of ours.
More than a million lives have been
already sacrificed and billions of mon-
ey spent, beside the human suffering
incident from wars, to make our coun-
try what it is today. Is it a wonder,
when its existence is threatened, that the
patriotic people rise up to defend it to
the end? The spirit of their fathers is
Windham, hfaine in the
Of the re
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